By L.A. Institute of Foot & Ankle Surgery
December 24, 2020
Category: Foot Care
Tags: Podiatrist  

Most people take their feet for granted until a problem arises. But take a minute to think about the work they do. The average person takes around 7,000 steps per day, and your feet bear the weight of your body with every step, so it’s important to take care of them. Having a podiatrist can ensure that your feet and ankles are always healthy.

The team of podiatrists at the Los Angeles Institute of Foot and Ankle Surgery in Burbank, Northridge, and Santa Clarita CA. provide a full range of treatments for foot and ankle problems including bunion surgery, diabetic foot care, ankle reconstruction, and ankle replacement.

The Benefits of Podiatry

Burbank residents can benefit from having a podiatrist in the following ways:

  • Preventing foot and ankle problems
  • Determine the right footwear
  • Specialized diagnostic approach
  • Eliminates the need for referrals
  • Specialist advice for long-term podiatric care

What Conditions Can a Podiatrist Treat?

At the Los Angeles Institute of Foot and Ankle Surgery, our team of podiatry experts can treat a wide range of foot and ankle problems including:

  • Injured tendon or muscles
  • Bunions
  • Shin splints
  • Plantar fasciitis
  • Forefoot pain
  • Ingrown toenails
  • Plantar warts
  • Stress fractures
  • Pediatric foot problems

If you have an occupation that requires you to stand for long periods, or you are an active athlete, you can be at risk of a number of foot problems. Seeing a podiatrist, who has more specialized knowledge than a general practitioner, can simplify diagnosis and enable faster treatment. Your podiatrist can also give you advice on appropriate footwear, orthotic devices, and diabetic foot care. Other services include sports therapy, pediatric assessment, and orthopedic rehabilitation.

If you live in Burbank, Northridge, and Santa Clarita, CA and you are looking for a podiatrist, call the team at the Los Angeles Institute of Foot and Ankle Surgery today at (818) 848-5588 to schedule an appointment.

By L.A. Institute of Foot & Ankle Surgery
October 21, 2020
Category: Foot Health
Tags: Ankle Fractures  

Could you be dealing with a fractured ankle? Read on to find out.

An injury to the ankle can often present with symptoms of pain, swelling and bruising, so it isn’t always easy to figure out if you are dealing with a strain, sprain or a fracture; however, it’s important to be able to spot the signs of a fracture so that you can seek immediate treatment from our Burbank, CA, podiatrists to prevent further complications.

What are the signs and symptoms of an ankle fracture?

The most common sign that you’re dealing with an ankle fracture is sudden and intense pain. This pain will appear immediately after an injury or accident. The pain may radiate throughout the foot and leg. Along with pain you may also notice,

  • Bruising at the injury site
  • Swelling
  • Tenderness to the touch
  • Pain or difficulty putting weight on the ankle or walking on it
  • If the fracture is severe you may even notice a piece of bone sticking out or a visible deformity (signs of an ankle joint dislocation)

When should I see a doctor?

If you even suspect that you might be dealing with an ankle fracture you should see your Burbank, CA, podiatrist right away. Any kind of severe or sudden ankle or foot pain requires immediate attention. Since ankle sprains may also cause many of these symptoms it’s important for our doctor to be able to diagnose your injury so that you can make sure you are treating it properly. A sprain, strain or fracture will require different levels of care.

How is a fractured ankle treated?

Along with following the RICE method (rest, ice, compression and elevation), your podiatrist may recommend a variety of ways to lessen pain and swelling and speed up healing. Treatments may include,

  • Pain relievers
  • Bracing
  • Compression or splinting
  • Stretching and strengthening exercises
  • Casting or crutching (depending on the extent of the fracture)
  • Physical therapy and rehabilitation
  • Surgery (in more severe cases)

From ankle fractures and diabetic ulcers to chronic heel pain and arthritis, there are many reasons to turn to our Burbank, Northridge, and Santa Clarita, CA, podiatrists for care. In fact, our doctor was one of the first doctors to perform a total ankle replacement in California. If you are looking for foot and ankle experts to treat your fractured ankle, then call the Los Angeles Institute of Foot and Ankle Surgery at (818) 848-5588.

By Molly Reynolds
July 07, 2020
Category: Foot Health
Tags: Bunion Surgery  

Find out whether it may be time to get bunion surgery.

When it comes to treating a bunion, surgery usually isn’t always necessary. If caught early enough, our Burbank, CA, podiatrists can work with you to modify your lifestyle and provide you with home care and conservative treatments that will ease pain and discomfort while also preventing the bunion from getting worse.

However, there are certain situations in which you absolutely can benefit from bunion surgery and should consider getting it:

Home care isn’t cutting it

You’ve swapped out your shoes, you wear custom orthotics, you take pain killers and do your daily foot exercises but nothing is working. If you are finding that all the other nonsurgical treatment options our Burbank podiatrists have offered you just aren’t working when it comes to controlling your symptoms then you may want to talk to us about whether bunion surgery may be the next step.

You’re in pain more often than not

Do you remember the last time you got up, climbed stairs, or went for a walk without bunion pain? If all days seem to be filled with foot pain and discomfort then you should talk with a foot doctor as soon as possible. Pain is anything but normal, and chronic foot pain can affect not just your physical health but also your mental and emotional wellbeing. You shouldn’t be in pain; we can help.

Your mobility is limited

Some people find that their bunion ends up running the show; they placate their bunion by avoiding activities like running or other forms of exercise, which are incredibly important for good health. If you aren’t moving around as easily as you once did or if you avoid certain activities in order to avoid the aches and pains later then we should talk.

Your quality of life is affected

Dealing with persistent pain can take a serious toll. If you find yourself canceling engagements, missing workouts or just not being able to fully enjoy your life because you feel like you’re constantly thinking about your bunion pain then it’s time to talk with your doctor.

Looking for a podiatrist in the Burbank, Northridge, and Santa Clarita, CA, area that specializes in bunion treatment and surgery? If you want to discuss your treatment options and whether you could benefit from bunion surgery, schedule a consultation with us at the Los Angeles Institute of Foot and Ankle Surgery by calling (818) 848-5588.

By Molly Reynolds
June 19, 2020
Category: Foot Care
Tags: Diabetic Foot  

Find out how to properly care for your feet to prevent complications.

Diabetes is a chronic health problem that doesn’t just affect your blood sugar levels. It also has a serious impact on many systems and parts of the body. While you may not realize it, diabetes can cause a wide range of serious and potentially dangerous foot problems. The goal of our Burbank, CA, podiatrists is to educate their diabetic patients to protect them from serious health issues.

How Diabetes Affects Feet

If diabetes isn’t properly controlled, having high blood sugar levels could cause severe nerve damage in the feet. It can also affect circulation to the extremities, causing less nutrient-rich blood to flow to your feet. Those with diabetes may find that foot wounds or injuries are slow to heel because of poor circulation. Diabetic are also more likely to develop,

  • Foot ulcers
  • Peripheral neuropathy
  • Nerve damage

Unfortunately, nerve damage and neuropathy can cause a loss of sensation in your feet. If you can’t feel your feet you’re also prone to injuries that you may not even realize you’ve incurred. Diabetic foot ulcers occur in as many as 15 percent of those with diabetes, and about 6 percent of those people will be hospitalization with an infection.

How to Prevent Foot-related Complications

Luckily, there are ways to prevent these problems from happening to you. After all, our podiatrist works with many people in Burbank, CA, who have diabetes, providing them with individualized treatment plans and consistent care. Of course, there are also some habits you can adopt now to prevent problems from happening and to ensure that if something does happen that you detect it early and seek immediate care.

These habits include,

  • Wash feet every day with warm water (always dry them thoroughly afterward)
  • Always wear shoes and socks, even indoors (never go barefoot)
  • Make sure you wear supportive and properly fitted shoes that aren’t too tight
  • Know how to properly trim your toenails or, if you don’t know how, turn to your podiatrist to get your nails trimmed
  • Perform self-exams on your feet to look for everything from redness and swelling to calluses and sores
  • Don’t treat any foot problems by yourself; always turn to a medical professional
  • Monitor your blood sugar levels and take your medication exactly as directed
  • Visit your podiatrist regularly for routine check-ups

If you’ve been diagnosed with diabetes it’s important that you have a podiatrist that you can turn to for both regular checkups and emergency care when you need it. The podiatric team at Los Angeles Institute of Foot and Ankle Surgery in Burbank, Northridge, and Santa Clarita, CA, can provide you with personalized diabetic foot care. Call us today at (818) 848-5588 to learn more.

By Molly Reynolds
April 19, 2018
Category: Uncategorized
Tags: Untagged

In 2009, Tom Harper was involved in a devastating motorcycle accident, which shattered his   ankle, pelvis, and hip; landing him in the hospital in critical condition. In the crucial weeks and months following, he underwent multiple surgeries to put his body back together. His pelvis and hip were rebuilt using an artificial joint, which took four months of recovery in a wheelchair. Finally his ankle was repaired, requiring screws and bolts to hold it together. It wasn’t until the following year, that he was ordered to walk on it using his full weight, but tragically, as soon as that happened the ankle began to swell, giving him constant pain.

To Tom’s horror, his ankle completely collapsed two weeks later. His wife rushed him to his doctor in Las Vegas who told Tom that his case was too advanced and that the only option was to fuse the joint, which would limit the ankle’s flexibility. Being a very active person, Tom hated the sound of this. The whole ordeal extremely worried his wife and she immediately began researching other surgeons and alternate options.

The couple’s situation was looking grim. They met with a total of nine doctors, who almost unanimously agreed that ankle fusion was indeed the only choice for Tom. A very small handful of them also offered a procedure called “Total Ankle Replacement” (TAR), however, these surgeons were terrified to perform this surgery on him because the damage to his foot was too severe. When Tom had his first consultation with Dr. Armen Hagopjanian, a podiatrist in Burbank, California, he couldn’t put any weight on his foot without excruciating pain. The screws were protruding into other tissue, which made standing for even a few seconds almost unbearable. “I chose Dr. Hagopjanian because he makes you feel confident in his abilities,” Tom says. “He’s sincere and genuinely wants you to get better.”

Dr. Hagopjanian told Tom that he was a candidate for Total Ankle Replacement Surgery, which the FDA approves for patients with a severely arthritic or degenerative ankles who are ideally over the age of fifty and in relatively good shape. But Tom’s case was unique, since he was missing half of his talus, the bone that connects the leg to the foot, which is very crucial to this procedure. Even Hagopjanian’s teacher, Dr. Jack Schuberth, a podiatric surgeon from San Francisco who has performed more ankle surgeries than any other surgeon in California, thought that fusion would be an easier option. But easy surgery was not in Dr. Hagopjanian’s mind. He wanted to make it easy for his patient to walk in the future.

Total Ankle Replacements have been a controversial topic among surgeons for decades because of the early prosthesis, which were ineffective. In the late 1980’s, new and improved prosthesis began to emerge, making total ankle replacement more effective than arthrodesis, which is the fusing of the joints to limit up and down movement. Current prosthesis designs are more closely replicating the biomechanics of the ankle joint for more effective long term results. Two of the most popular are the STAR and the In-Bone (which is a more complex implant, used for more difficult procedures).

“First of all it’s better than ankle fusion because it improves the functionality of the ankle,” says Dr. Hagopjanian. “Every time you fuse something you limit the motion to that particular joint. Nobody talks about fusing knees or hips these days - they were fusing them right and left about 30 or 40 years ago. When the knee replacement came about, everybody was skeptical and after the first few years when everybody was failing, they were afraid they were never going to do it again. But now you look around and every orthopedic surgeon does the knee and hip replacements. However until recently the majority of the medical community is scared of the ankle replacement because they are not very well trained.”

Total Ankle Replacement is usually performed under general anesthesia and patients are typically hospitalized for up to four days.The surgeon makes an incision in the front of the ankle, exposing the joint. The damaged bone is removed before the tibia (lower shin bone), fibula (lower leg bone), and talus (top foot bone) are reshaped. Then the prosthetic is attached to the bony surfaces with a bone cement and screws to hold them in place.

Prior to the procedure, Dr. Hagopjanian took Tom Harper’s case to a conference to be reviewed by other surgeons and determined that if he was going to indeed move forward with surgery, the In-Bone prosthetic was the only option because the talus bone was 50% gone.  Tom’s condition was so complex, his surgery had to happen in stages. The first order of business was to remove all of the hardware from his ankle and let him heal from that.

“That surgery was a God-send,” says Tom. “I was in so much less pain.” Once Tom had completely healed, the surgery for the implant was scheduled for March 6, 2012. Dr. Hagopjanian did a graph to rebuild the talus, taking layers from Tom’s pelvic bone. The implant was put in at the same time and three screws were added for extra support. The entire surgery lasted six hours.

Three months later, Tom began putting weight on his foot. Thus far he has had three hard casts and a boot and began physical therapy shortly after surgery. Now he only has to wear high top sneakers and no longer walks with the aid of crutches. He reports “100%” less pain and says “The only pain or discomfort I felt after the surgery were the scars from the incisions.” Tom is infinitely healthier...and his wife is a lot less stressed!

Some people are still wary of having this surgery because the introduction of the latest prosthesis is relatively new. As late as the early 1990’s, feedback about complications from the old prosthesis began to emerge. Out of 204 primary Mayo TAR surgeries, the success rate was 79% at five years, 65% at ten years, and 61% at 15 years only 42% of patients under fifty seven years kept the implant in place.

Dr. Hagopjanian is successfully performing 2-3 Total Ankle Replacements per month. His wide range of patients have recently included an 84-year-old man who is now able to golf again because of the surgery, a woman who lost one leg in an accident and wanted the surgery so she would be able to continue using her good leg, and his youngest patient, a 35-year-old man who smashed his ankle in a motorcycle accident and is now walking again without pain.

“Very few surgeons do ankle replacements a lot,” says Dr. Hagopjanian. “I have done over 40 over the last four years. The last year on average I’ve done two a month. And we have a line-up of the patients who are coming in. Because now all of a sudden it works and when people see that it works they start referring people. We also go and teach orthopedic surgeons who don’t do this procedure and show them that this is a viable option that can give patients a higher quality of life.”

To learn more about Total Ankle Replacement and Dr. Hagopjanian, visit

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